Korea, 1950, Zaitsev V.I. https://pekobooks.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/t-34-on-the-battlefield_vol1_16.jpg.  One of the resulting guns used on the original T-34 85 model (the D-5T) was capable of penetrating the Tiger I's upper hull armour at 1,000 metres. By this point, most T-34’s were equipped with the new F-34 76 mm gun. The transmission and clutches often caused a serious amount of vibrations and occasionally failed. , One of the last modern conflicts which saw the extensive combat deployment of the T-34-85 was the Angolan Civil War. Many of the Т-34-85s were enhanced with Finnish or Western equipment, such as improved optics.. they caught fire, even when the tank had stopped as a result of being hit by a shell. The tanks were based along with a company of Cuban mechanized infantry equipped with BTR-152 armoured personnel carriers. Early in the tank's life, however, this advantage was greatly reduced by the numerous teething troubles the design displayed: a long road trip could be a lethal exercise for a T-34 tank at the start of the war.  The air filter issue was later remedied by the addition of "Cyclone" filters on the Model 1943, and even more efficient "Multi-Cyclone" filters on the T-34-85. , Another such tank, mounted atop the monument to Soviet tank crews in Prague, was the focus of significant controversy. Each participant is offered to put on military field uniform. The turret lacked sufficient protection for the commander, with no special-purpose hatch or traversable periscope. If you spot anything out of place, please let us know! 215 from 4th Tank Regiment, 2nd Tank Division, allegedly destroyed four enemy tanks and damaged another M46 Patton tank during its fight from 6 to 8 July, 1953. 32 seems like a very odd number to use, and I cannot find any sources that state a level of protection as high as 35mm as per WoT. They added Schürzen (armor skirts), Notek lights, storage boxes, tools, radios and commander cupolas removed from damaged Panzer IIIs and IVs. , This article is about the Soviet medium tank. Hi. T-34 video on Youtube The Aberdeen trials were never truly published, the only information is of nuncupative nature. Dimensions, road speed and engine horsepower of the various models did not vary significantly, except for the T-43, which was slower than the T-34. Never heard that it was “added” to the Model 41. , Subassemblies for the T-34 originated at several plants: Kharkov Diesel Factory N.75 supplied the model V-2-34 engine, Leningrad Kirovsky Factory (formerly the Putilov works) made the original L-11 gun, and the Dinamo Factory in Moscow produced electrical components. This created a pattern when seen from far away. T-34/76 model 1943 at the battle of Prokhorovka, July 1943. Like the Soviet forces themselves, the Polish and Czechoslovak tank crews were sent into action quickly with little training, and suffered high casualties. The T-34/76 model 1942 had some improvements over the 1941 model. T-34 Model 1941, unknown unit, Northern sector, early 1942. Russian language is not so mysterious))))). Alexsandr, this is your only warning. The examinations, performed at the Aberdeen Proving Ground, highlighted these early faults, which were in turn acknowledged in a 1942 Soviet report on the results of the testing: The Christie's suspension was tested a long time ago by the Americans and unconditionally rejected. The T-34 had a profound effect on the conflict on the Eastern Front in the Second World War, and had a lasting impact on tank design. К сожалению об этом мало где пишется, но есть фото немецкой стороны и очень характерные, например где между двумя Тиграми идут тридцатьчетверки. It proved just as easy to maintain, always an advantage on the battlefield. More on the commander/gunner/loader thing: and you must surely have noticed that on the M41 and M42 the ONLY 360deg periscope is the one on the GUNNERS side. This gap can be partially explained by the discrepancy in development levels of both nations, besides direct factors such as recovery and repair, training and control of the battlefield. The gearbox was seen as problematic and unreliable and the US opinion of the transmission was exceptionally low, stating that it had "by American standards already failed". It says Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya , The T-34 was the mainstay of Soviet armoured forces throughout the war.  A report by the 2nd Guards Tank Army in February 1945 revealed that the average engine service life of a T-34 was lower than the official warranty at 185–190 hours. Slogan: “For the Fatherland”. There are all kinds of variables that make these comparisons extremely difficult. http://tankarchives.blogspot.se/2013/04/aberdeen-t-34-and-kv-1-test.html You only have to send half as many men to training the first way, what training they did give them. Also added were an improved engine air filter and a new clutch mated to an improved and more reliable five-speed transmission. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. People use this as “proof” that the T-34 wasn’t a good combat tank. V12 Diesel engine at Parola. The turret armour was much thicker, 90 mm, even if bigger and less sloped than the original T-34 turret. However, production standards were poor and many tanks were lost due to mechanical breakdowns. A-32 tank prototype (Unknown origin) Czechoslovak-produced T-34-85s were used by Egypt in the Arab-Israeli Wars of 1956 and 1967 in the Sinai Peninsula. It doesn’t say “for Komsomol.” , The loader also had a difficult job due to the lack of a turret basket (a rotating floor that moves as the turret turns); the same fault was present on all German tanks prior to the Panzer IV. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 40 T-34-85 tanks commanded by colonel N. Zhukov were attacked by the 424th Heavy Panzer battalion which had been reinforced by 13 Panthers. With huge stocks available and the new tank generation arriving on the scene (like the IS-3 and the mass-production T-54/55), many T-34s were sent to the USSR allies and satellite states behind the Iron Curtain. That is why losses can show up days, even weeks, after the tanks have actually been destroyed. " Although its armour and armament were surpassed later in the war, it has been described as the most influential tank design of the war. Sometimes entire spare transmissions and other mechanical parts were stowed on the tank, between the extra fuel tanks, next to the tarpaulin, shovel, pickaxe, iron cable and spare track links. With the T-43 canceled, the Soviet command made the decision to retool the factories to produce an improved version of the T-34. Panzerkampfwagen T-34b(r) 1942, Kursk salient, summer 1943.  The tank had been captured and used by retreating German troops, who dumped it in the swamp when it ran out of fuel. A tank is an anti soft target weapon, it often, but not always, is meant to fight infantry and soft vehicles. Tanks had a specially designated role, breakthrough/encirclement/support, they inflicted about 5-6% of the total losses of each respective army.  The design of the 76.2 mm F-34 gun Model 1941 was reduced from an initial 861 parts to 614. The T-34 was the backbone of the Red Army during the epic Battle of Kursk in 1943, the largest tank battle ever fought. The Soviet tankers weren’t very happy with the T-34’s. For comparison, the US M4 Sherman had an average engine service life of 195–205 hours. Panzerkampfwagen T-34(r), with the dunkelgrau livery. Other T-34s in German service Fixed. The last model was the T-34/76 model 1944, with the simplified ZiS S-53 gun, turret radio and improved commander sights. The remaining tank continued to engage the withdrawing South African paratroops from a hull down position until the battle was over. They loved it’s mechanical reliability, crew comfort and especially the escape hatch on the floor. Notice the Polish eagle on the turret. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. И больно что вы, “просвещенные и цивилизованные” европейские обыватели не внемлите таким примерам. Some still may serve in a second-line capacity in a number of Third World militaries, while others may find use in a civilian capacity, primarily in film-making. T-34/76 model 1942 at Kharkov, spring 1943. SU-85: this was the most proficient derivative of the T-34. 112. Приблизительно на один Тигр или Пантеру приходился один Т-34.  Only company commanders' tanks could be fitted with radios (originally the 71-TK-3 radio set), due to their expense and short supply – the rest of the tank crews in each company signalled with flags. “A well-placed hit between the tracks and wheels could still disable them. It was much easier to produce than any Panzer model before it and, for many frontline German units, the T-34 seemed like a difficult foe. Before you had thousands of guns able to deal with enemy tanks, but now you can only do so with your big 88mms, and there just aren’t that many of them. The opposing Japanese forces had been reduced as elite units had been drawn off to other fronts and the remaining forces were in the middle of a redeployment. The new tank had a turret design based on the T-34-85's, but featured a new hull with torsion-bar suspension and transversely mounted engine; it had a lower profile than the T-34-85 and was simpler to manufacture. The T-34 was a real shock for the Germans, as they had nothing like it. Zoya was a partisan heroine killed by the Germans and idolized by Soviet propaganda. The Germans responded to the T-34 by fielding large numbers of improved anti-tank weapons such as the towed 75 mm gun, while hits from 88 mm-armed Tigers, anti-aircraft guns and PaK 43 88 mm anti-tank guns usually proved lethal.  The destruction of the Soviet tank force was accomplished not only by the glaring disparity in the tactical and operational skills of the opponents, but also by mechanical defects that afflicted Soviet armour. , A T-34-85 tank monument in the East German city of Karl-Marx-Stadt (Chemnitz) became the target of a 1980 bomb-attack that inflicted minor damage on the vehicle and blew out nearby windows. Both factions replaced their losses rather quickly, with the Soviets further increasing their strength relative to the low combat intensive “build up phase”. A Russian crew took the iconic WW2-era T-34 battle tank to race at Ulan-Ude in eastern Russia. But the model 1940 was hampered by various deficiencies. , The Germans also noted that the T-34 was very slow to find and engage targets, while their own tanks could typically get off three rounds for every one fired by the T-34. Shop by category. , The Soviet and Finnish armies used T-34s until the 1960s; the former included the 76.2 mm-armed versions until at least 1968, when they were used in filming the sequel to the movie The Alive and the Dead. Not only did many tank-hunters appear, but also the later generations of the Panzer IV with additional armor plates, the Panther and, of course, the Tiger. Later on, many models had additional armor plating like the T-34E (“ehkranami” – screened) to answer the latest German gun development. The film narrates the life of Nikolai Ivushkin, a tank commander who gets captured by the Nazis. https://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g294472-d3355709-i124926285-Belgrad_Military_Museum-Belgrade.html The T-34 is a victim of wartime propaganda and was used as an alibi for the Wehrmacht (or their failures for that matter). ], The German army often employed as much captured materiel as possible and T-34s were not an exception. Finally, one has to specify what role the tank plays and whether we are talking about overall strategic effectiveness or tactical effectiveness n a single battle. These were designated by the Germans as Panzerkampfwagen T-34 747(r). South Africa accused SWAPO of planning a major offensive to influence Namibia's pending general elections, but the tank crews remained stationary and even refrained from intervening in a series of renewed clashes later that year. *cough cough* 59-Patton *cough cough* In the year 1941 alone, Russia produced a staggering total of around 3000 T-34s. The guests will do the blank shooting, go through a master class of assembly and disassembly of Ak-74, and visit an exhibition of military trophies. However quality and accuracy are relative terms, German and British guns enjoyed an advantage. It's not Russian propoganda, cause Russia was just a republic in USSR;) Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Honnigfort, Bernhard. The Finns also captured many T-34s and painted them with a three-tone camouflage and large swastikas. The tank drove a few hundred metres, then stopped in front of the police, causing no personal injury. T-34 variants were widely exported after World War II, and as recently as 2018 more than 130 were still in service. The pins are extremely poorly tempered and made of poor steel.  It was unclear how many Cuban and North Korean T-34s remained in service.  The examinations, performed at the Aberdeen Proving Ground, revealed problems with overall armour build quality, especially of the plate joins and welds, as well as the use of soft steel combined with shallow surface tempering. The addition of a better turret and mass production were the main goals of the model 1943 version, with many simplified parts to lower the cost and increase the rate of delivery. Deaf and Blind. They were later used during the Vietnamese invasion of Kampuchea and the Sino-Vietnamese War. In one wartime account, a single T-34 came under heavy fire upon encountering one of the most common German anti-tank guns at that stage of the war: "Remarkably enough, one determined 37 mm gun crew reported firing 23 times against a single T-34 tank, only managing to jam the tank’s turret ring. External equipment included spare tracks, tools boxes, fuel tanks and improvised protection of all kinds. Many Russian tank units at that time were equipped with either T-26 light tanks or Bystrokhodny tanks (BTs), relatively small, lightly armored but fast tanks capable of operating on wheels or tracks.. A T-26 operated by Republican forces during the Battle of Brunete in 1937. Examples of this tank are in the collections of most significant military museums, and hundreds more serve as war memorials. Commander was the gunner, fixed. The principle parts of the tank are: 1. The Germans noted the T-34 was very slow to find and engage targets while the Panzers could typically get off three rounds for every one fired by the T-34. The T-34's wide track and good suspension gave it excellent cross-country performance. Diecast Tank 1:72nd scale. T-34 model 1940 (wikimedia commons) Never heard anywhere that the LOADER doubled as commander.  As the war progressed the Germans created heavier tank designs like the Tiger I or Panther which were both immune to the 76mm gun of the T-34 when fired upon from the front. Не “советской пропагандой”, а осталась в памяти русского советского народа, как пример героизма и верности Родине. But as a decision by a warmaking nation, expensive low-production low-reliability tanks were a losing choice. During the fall of 1943, all vehicles received a new commander cupola, which greatly improved his visibility on the battlefield. If WoT or WT would represent the benchmark for tank warfare, then the Soviets would rely on flag communication during 41 and the Germans would have fuel shortages in 42. All T-34-85 models are externally very similar. Required fields are marked *. ", Regina v. Ministry of Defence Ex Parte Walker, "Scramble for the Congo – Anatomy of an Ugly War", "[ẢNH] "Ông lão" T-34-85 Việt Nam chiến đấu anh dũng trong Chiến tranh biên giới 1979", http://www.uskowioniran.com/2015/04/wwii-era-soviet-armor-engaged-in-yemen.html, International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Tank That Helped Russia Defeat Nazi Germany Has Finally Retired (In Laos), "Russia receives 30 vintage T-34/85 tanks from Laos", "Armée malienne : le difficile inventaire", https://www.armyrecognition.com/vietnam_vietnamese_army_land_ground_forces_uk/vietnam_vietnamese_army_land_ground_armed_forces_military_equipment_armoured_armored_vehicle_uk.html, "Handbook of Major Foreign Weapons Systems Exported to the Third World: 1981–86", "Briefing – The War in Angola: Forces and Organisation", Tanki T34-76 väljatõmbamine Kurtna järvest (WWII Trophy tank), "Russian Tank Recovered from the Lake After 50 Years Been There – English Russia", "Musée des blindés de Saumur : Toute l'histoire du blindé", The Soviet high command: a military-political history, 1918–1941, Full panorama of external and internal T34/85, Panzerkampfwagen T-34(r): Soviet T-34 in German Service, U.S. WWII Newsmap, "Russian Armored Vehicles", The T-34 in WWII: the Legend vs. the Performance, List of armoured fighting vehicles of World War II, Soviet armored fighting vehicle production during World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=T-34&oldid=1008457909, Military vehicles introduced in 1940–1944, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2013, Articles containing Russian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles needing additional references from July 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 26.5 tonnes (29.2 short tons; 26.1 long tons), 18.9 hp (14 kW) / tonne (T-34) 15.6 hp (11.6 KW) / tonne (T-34-85), The Chinese People's Liberation Army since 1949 by Benjamin Lai, This page was last edited on 23 February 2021, at 11:36. , As the war went on, the T-34 gradually lost some of its initial advantages.  Some drivetrain shortcomings were identified and corrected.  With 44,900 lost during the war, it also suffered the most tank losses ever. The gun sights and range finder remained crude, despite the fact that several gun mounts were alternatively used. About the T-34-85 German units came up against a formidable foe in the Red Army's T-34-76 after their invasion in 1941; their response was the development of more formidable armor of their own: the Tiger and Panther. Not criticizing Zoya – CLABA ZOE – just to say her story was used by the Soviets as an example of patriotic resistance and to encourage the people. The Germans captured huge numbers and wanted to use them, so tried correcting the transmission woes then gave up once it became obvious that the engine was junk, too. Not only were the weapons of German tanks improving, so was their armour. Group rides are held once or twice a month. All previous models, the T-26, the BT-7 and the heavy multi-turreted T-28, were dropped from production to make room for the new medium tank. After the 2014 pro-Nazi coup in Kiev, Ukraine is now more celebrating this holiday. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Typical crews went into combat with only basic military training plus 72 hours of classroom instruction; according to historian Steven Zaloga: The weakness of mechanized corps lay not in the design of their equipment, but rather in its poor mechanical state, the inadequate training of their crews, and the abysmal quality of Soviet military leadership in the first month of the war.