uss gerald ford dimensions

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Two reactors will be installed on each Gerald R. Ford-class carrier, providing a power generation capacity at least 25% greater than the 550 MW (thermal) of the two A4W reactors in a Nimitz-class carrier,[29] and three times that of "current carrier power plants". Dutch Fleet Naval Miniatures ... 1:350 1:700 1:1250 Military Modern USA 1/700 aircraft carrier component future navy nimitz us. This reduces manning and maintenance costs. [62] Eventually, the amphibious assault ship LHA-6 was named America. Wifi-enabled lounges are located across the passageway in separate spaces from the berthing's racks. The new vessels have a hull similar to the Nimitz class carriers, but introduce technologies since developed such as the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System, as well as other design features intended to improve efficiency and reduce operating c… USS Gerald R Ford (CVN 78) and USS John F Kennedy (CVN 79) The first ship in the class, USS Gerald R Ford (CVN 78), was delivered to the US Navy in May 2017 and commissioned in July 2017. The Ford class is the first new U.S. aircraft carrier design in 40 years since the launching of USS Nimitz (CVN 68). The Ford-class Supercarrier has a length of 1,106 feet while the Queen Elizabeth-class Supercarrier clocks in at 932 feet in length. [58] That changed in December 2016, when Navy Secretary Ray Mabus signed a Force Structure Assessment calling for a 355-ship fleet with 12 aircraft carriers. BNET Business Management Network. These cleanings will have to be performed for the lifetime of the ship. The new Dual Band Radar (DBR) combines S-band and X-band radar. Rodriguez, Carmelo. The redesign of the weapons movement paths and the location of the weapons elevators on the flight deck will reduce manpower and contribute to a much higher sortie generation rate. [11] These ships are intended to sustain 160 sorties per day for 30-plus days, with a surge capability of 270 sorties per day. The aircraft carrier USS Gerald R. Ford underwent maintenance and construction to accommodate 1,000 additional personnel and fixed-wing and rotary aircraft for its next mission. There was a movement by the USS America Carrier Veterans' Association to have CVN-78 named after America rather than after President Ford. As of mid-2017, USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) is the newest, full-sized aircraft carrier to be contracted by the United States Navy (USN) and represents a next-generation "supercarrier" featuring advanced systems, subsystems and onboard facilities to … [37], The Enterprise Air Surveillance Radar (EASR) is a new design surveillance radar that is to be installed in the second Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier, John F. Kennedy (CVN-79), in lieu of the Dual Band radar. [23], The Nimitz design has accommodated many new technologies over the decades, but it has limited ability to support the most recent technical advances. "Raytheon Successfully Integrates Final Element of Dual Band Radar for DDG 1000 Zumwalt Class Destroyer". The pipes were too narrow to handle the load of users, resulting in the vacuum failing and repeatedly clogged toilets. Aircraft Carrier Background The aircraft carrier, with its embarked carrier air wing, is a preeminent asset for maintenance of maritime superiority across the oceans of the globe. Name: Gerald R Ford-class Charles de Gaulle; Type: Aircraft carrier: Aircraft carrier: Origin: USA: France: Produced: 2008 (Ordering) 2001 (Commissioned) Unit cost: We use cookies to personalise content and ads. [38] The EASR suite's initial per-unit cost will be about $180 million less than the DBR, for which the estimate is about $500 million. "New carrier island is a heart of higher sortie rates for CVN 21". ATLANTIC OCEAN (Oct. 29, 2019) Aerial footage of USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) conducting high speed turns during Sea Trials. Santa Monica: Rand Corporation, 2005. p. 76. Because the USS Gerald R. Ford is bigger it can hold more aircraft than its British counterpart. The US Navy has officially welcomed the world's largest aircraft carrier into the fleet. As a result, the Navy has deferred critical F-35C integration activities, which introduces risk of system incompatibilities and costly retrofits to the ship after it is delivered to the Navy. [48], The Gerald R. Ford class is designed to accommodate the new Joint Strike Fighter carrier variant aircraft (F-35C), but aircraft development and testing delays have affected integration activities on CVN-78. The Navy expects the Gerald R. Ford class will be part of the fleet for 90 years, until the year 2105, which means that the class must successfully accept new technology over the decades. [30], The propulsion and power plant of the Nimitz-class carriers were designed in the 1960s, when onboard technologies required less electrical power. Copyright © 2019 [18] The Gerald R. Ford-class carriers will have a reduced whole-life cost due in part to reduced crew size. This will be the first aircraft carrier ever named for an African American, and the first aircraft carrier to be named for a sailor in the enlisted ranks. The future USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) will represent the future of naval aviation and will be the most advanced and capable aircraft carrier ever built. There are expected to be ten ships of this class. 1.47 x 2.56 x 1.32 inches. Switch to inches. The ship is named after the 38th President of the United States, Gerald Ford, whose World War II naval service included combat duty aboard the light aircraft carrier Monterey in the Pacific Theater. [52], Gerald R. Ford, first in the class, has an on-board hospital that includes a full lab, pharmacy, operating room, 3-bed intensive care unit, 2-bed emergency room, and 41-bed hospital ward, staffed by 11 medical officers and 30 hospital corpsmen.[53]. Turboelectric Arresting Gear. Stretching over 1,106 feet in length and with a 256 foot beam, it is one of the largest carriers ever made. "Launch and Recovery Testing". [64], On 20 January 2020, during a ceremony in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Acting Secretary of the Navy Thomas B. Modly named a future Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier in honor of World War II hero Doris Miller. Construction on the CVN-78 began on 11 August 2005, at Northrop Grumman Newport News' shipyards in Virginia with the beveling of a 15-ton metal plate. [27] These elevators are located so that ordnance need not cross any areas of aircraft movement, thereby reducing traffic problems in the hangars and on the flight deck. An integrated warfare system, the Ship Self-Defense System (SSDS), has been developed to allow the ship to more easily take on new missions. The island can be kept smaller by replacing six to ten radar antennas with a single six-faced radar. Flight deck: The island is smaller and moved farther aft than on Nimitz class so there is more area for airplane maintenance and flight deck operations will be faster and safer due to better space utilization. The USS Gerald R. Ford has a displacement of approximately 112,00 tons and carries a compliment of over 4,660 personnel. Gerald R. Ford class (or Ford class; previously known as CVN-21 class) is a class of aircraft carrier being built to replace USS Enterprise (CVN-65) and eventually the United States Navy's existing Nimitz-class carriers, beginning with the delivery of USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78). All rights reserved. [22] The endurance of this class is exemplified by USS Theodore Roosevelt, which spent 159 days underway during Operation Enduring Freedom without visiting a port or being refueled. [34], Electromagnets are also being used in the new Advanced Arresting Gear (AAG) system. This is the only shipyard in the United States that can build nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. The current system is unable to capture unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) without damaging them due to extreme stresses on the airframe. The last Nimitz-class aircraft carrier is to be decommissioned in 2058. Gerald R. Ford is expected to be commissioned in 2016 and will replace the Enterprise, which was retired in 2012. "[31], The Gerald R. Ford-class ships convert steam into power by piping it to four main turbine generators (MTG) to generate electricity for major ship systems, and the new electromagnetic catapults. "[24], With these constraints in mind, the US Navy developed what was initially known as the CVN-21 program, which evolved into CVN-78, Gerald R. Ford. 1 March 2008. [50], Since deployment, the first two carriers of the class have run into problems with the plumbing of the waste system. The Ford class is the first new design for a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier since Nimitz (CVN 68).During the design process, the shipbuilders found hidden value in every square inch of the ship, saving the Navy a projected $4 billion in ownership costs over the ship’s 50-year lifespan. [76], Class of supercarrier for the United States Navy, "Ford class" redirects here. Don’t worry though, the third planned Ford-class carrier will take up the name Enterprise, at least until the Starship Enterprise (NC-1701) is commissioned in 2245. The massive, 180-man berthing areas on the Nimitz class are replaced by 40-rack berthing areas on Gerald R. Ford-class carriers. [39], Future defense systems, such as free-electron laser directed-energy weapons, dynamic armor, and tracking systems will require more power. CVN-78 will thus have the power reserves that the Nimitz class lacks to run lasers and dynamic armor. Gerald R Ford-class description. [69] To date, five have been announced: In March 2020, Acting Secretary of the Navy Thomas Modly intimated that only four of these ships will be built: Gerald R Ford (CVN-78), John F. Kennedy (CVN-79), Enterprise (CVN-80), and Doris Miller (CVN-81). Carderock Division of the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Acting Secretary of the Navy Thomas B. Modly, Modern United States Navy carrier air operations, List of aircraft carrier classes of the United States Navy, "Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress", "Navy awards $3.4 billion contract to Huntington Ingalls to build Ford-class aircraft carrier", "The USS Gerald Ford Is the Most Advanced Aircraft Carrier in the World", "Navy Names New Aircraft Carrier USS Gerald R. Ford", "Carrier Launch System Passes Initial Tests", "Gerald R Ford Class (CVN 78/79) – US Navy CVN 21 Future Carrier Programme – Naval Technology", "Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress",, "US Navy selects builder for new MQ-25 Stingray aerial refueling drone", "New Carrier Island Is at Heart of Higher Sortie Rates for CVN 21", "Hagel Told New Carrier Unlikely to Meet Aircraft Goals", "Modernizing the U.S. Aircraft Carrier Fleet: Accelerating CVN 21 Production Versus Mid-Life Refueling", "Dual-Band Radar Development: From Engineering Design to Production", "Enterprise Air Surveillance Radar (EASR)", "Future is now: Navy to deploy lasers on ships in 2014", "US Navy plans for scaling Free electron lasers to megawatt weapon systems", "Unexpectedly, Navy's superlaser blasts away a record", "Navy Shipboard Lasers for Surface, Air, and Missile Defense: Background and Issues for Congress", "MODERNIZING THE U.S. AIRCRAFT CARRIER FLEET – Accelerating CVN 21 Production Versus Mid-Life Refueling", "FORD - CLASS CARRIERS: Lead Ship Testing and Reliability Shortfalls Will Limit Initial Fleet Capabilities", "Crew's ship: Sailors' comfort a centerpiece of new supercarrier Ford", "Unclogging Toilets at $400,000 a Flush Hits Navy's Costs", "Ford Reaches 50 Percent Structural Completion", "Construction Begins on the First Ford-class Carrier", "Defense Budget Recommendation Statement (Arlington, VA)", "Secretary of the Navy Announces Need for 355-ship Navy", "Navy Wants 355 Ships; New Assessment Adds Destroyers, Attack Subs", "Report to Congress on Gerald R. Ford Class Carrier Program - USNI News", "Twenty Six US Navy Ship Naming Controversies", "Navy Names Next Aircraft Carrier USS John F. Kennedy", "US Navy's Ford-class aircraft carrier to be named Enterprise", "Navy Aircraft Carrier to Be Named for Black Pearl Harbor Veteran", "Navy Will Name A Future Ford Class Aircraft Carrier After WWII Hero Doris Miller", "Navy to name aircraft carrier for Pearl Harbor hero Doris Miller", "Next Ford-class Carrier to be Named After Pearl Harbor Hero Doris Miller", "CVN-77 Delivery Moved To December, Newport News on Track For January Commissioning", "The US Navy just took delivery of the world's most advanced aircraft carrier", "Aircraft Carrier Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) Christened at Newport News Shipbuilding", "Here's the latest on America's next supercarriers", "Sea Air Space Exposition: John F. Kennedy (CVN 79) Enterprise (CVN 80) & Unnamed (CVN 81) – Two Ship Buy", "First cut of steel kicks off construction of the aircraft carrier Enterprise at Newport News Shipbuilding", Building The Ford Class Aircraft Carriers, Design & Preparations Continue for the USA's New CVN-21 Super-Carrier (updated), Gerald R. Ford Class (CVN-78) Aircraft Carrier on Navy Recognition site, Poor Outcomes Are the Predictable Consequences of the Prevalent Acquisition Culture (October 2015), Follow-On Ships Need More Frequent and Accurate Cost Estimates to Avoid Pitfalls of Lead Ship (June 2017), List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy,, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About 100,000 long tons (100,000 tonnes) (full load), 1,092 ft × 256 ft (333 m × 78 m) flight deck, Automation, allowing a crew of several hundred fewer than the, The ability to carry up to 90 aircraft, including the, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:34. The berthings do not feature modern "sit-up" racks with more headroom; bottom and middle racks only accommodate a sailor lying down. [35], Another addition to the Gerald R. Ford class is an integrated active electronically scanned array search and tracking radar system. [41], The Navy is developing a free-electron laser (FEL) to fight off cruise missiles and small-boat swarms. Made by. Each berthing has an associated head, including showers, vacuum-powered septic-system toilets (no urinals since the berthings are built gender-neutral)[51] and sinks to reduce travel and traffic to access those facilities. [28], The new Bechtel A1B reactor for the Gerald R. Ford class is smaller and simpler, requires fewer crew, and yet is far more powerful than the Nimitz-class A4W reactor. All information comes from,,, government websites and press releases. You can check the specs, operators, images and videos. [7][8], Catapult No. The USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) is a whole new class of aircraft carrier. With this size, The Ford can house about 4,400 staff with more than 75 aircraft like F-35s and drones. As a 2005 Rand report said, "The biggest problems facing the Nimitz class are the limited electrical power generation capability and the upgrade-driven increase in ship weight and erosion of the center-of-gravity margin needed to maintain ship stability. [50] Typically the racks are stacked three high, with locker space per person. DDG 1000 Dual Band Radar (DBR). [32][33] The Gerald R. Ford-class ships use steam turbines for propulsion. "[25], This new system has no moving parts, therefore minimizing maintenance and manning requirements for operation. "New technologies added to the Nimitz-class ships have generated increased demands for electricity; the current base load leaves little margin to meet expanding demands for power. Dimensions: 3.74 x 6.51 x 3.34 cm. 4 March 2008. CVN-78 Gerald R. Ford . Several of these design changes related to EMALS configuration changes, which required electrical, wiring, and other changes within the ship. The A1B reactor plant is an aircraft carrier nuclear reactor developed by the United States Navy.It is used in Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carriers to provide electrical and propulsion energy. Flexible Infrastructure: Flexible infrastructure architecture that allows spaces to be adaptable to rapid c… These cleaning treatments cost about $400,000 each time, resulting in a substantial unplanned increase in the lifetime expense of operating these ships according to the GAO. [25], These advances will allow the new Gerald R. Ford-class carriers to launch 25% more sorties, generate triple the electrical power with improved efficiency, and offer crew quality-of-life improvements. In 2008, Rear Admiral Dennis M. Dwyer said these changes will make it hypothetically possible to rearm the airplanes in "minutes instead of hours". UAVs do not have the necessary mass to drive the large hydraulic piston used to trap heavier, manned airplanes. The dual-band radar (DBR) was being developed for both the Zumwalt-class guided missile destroyers and the Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carriers by Raytheon. The USS Gerald R Ford is the first new US aircraft carrier design in 40 years as well as the first in the Gerald R. Ford class. [52] To alleviate the problem, specialized acidic cleaning solutions have been used to flush out the sewage system. [59][60] If enacted, this policy would require each Gerald R. Ford-class carrier to be built in three to four years. In 2005, Gerald R. Ford was estimated to cost at least $13 billion: $5 billion for research and development plus $8 billion to build. On 27 May 2011, the U.S. Department of Defense announced the name of CVN-79 would be USS John F. Owner of this site is not responsible for potential mistakes or lacks of data. You can change your cookie settings at any time. [N 1][8][9] This class of aircraft carriers is named after former US President Gerald R. Ford. It is the second ship named in honor of Miller, who was the first African American to be awarded the Navy Cross.[65][66][67][68]. The information was delivered during a prerecorded speech as part of the deactivation ceremony for the previous Enterprise (CVN-65). The DBR works by combining the X band AN/SPY-3 multifunction radar with the S band Volume Search Radar (VSR) emitters, distributed into three phased arrays. USS Ford / US Navy Pic. Improvements were made through developing technologies and more efficient design. [56] In 2013, the life-cycle cost per operating day of a carrier strike group (including aircraft) was estimated at $6.5 million by the Center for New American Security.[57]. [47], The CVN 21 class was designed to have better weapons movement paths, largely eliminating horizontal movements within the ship. [55] The carrier was assembled at Newport News Shipbuilding, a division of Huntington Ingalls Industries (formerly Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding) in Newport News, Virginia. Some information is indicative and estimated because of lack of official or up-to-date data. The new vessels have a hull similar to the Nimitz class carriers, but introduce technologies since developed such as the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System, as well as other design features intended to improve efficiency and reduce operating costs, including sailing with smaller crews. Construction of the first vessel in the class, CVN-78 Gerald R. Ford, officially began on 11 August 2005, when Northrop Grumman held a ceremonial steel cut for a 15-ton plate that would form part of a side shell unit of the carrier,[54] but construction began in earnest in early 2007. Name: USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) Length: 1,092 feet Speed: 30+ knots Crew: 4,539 (ship, air wing and staff) Ford Class Carrier Quick Facts: - Born Leslie King Jr. July 14, 1913, in Omaha, Nebraska, he later received the name Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. from his adoptive father. Larrabee, Chuck. Officially commissioned by the U.S. Navy and Newport News Ship Building Company, the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier represents the first major redesign to a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier in over four decades. Co-developed with the Carderock Division of the Naval Surface Warfare Center, PyroGenesis Canada Inc., was in 2008 awarded the contract to outfit the ship with a Plasma Arc Waste Destruction System (PAWDS). The next generation of aircraft carrier, the Gerald R. Ford-class (CVN 78) was ordered in September 2008 and is slated to be delivered in 2017 as the force structure replacement for USS … [63], On 1 December 2012, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced that CVN-80 would be named USS Enterprise. Only half of the electric power generation capacity is used by currently planned systems, with half remaining available for future technologies. Despite the efforts of the greatest correspondence with the reality, there is no guarantee, that all the data is true. 4 on the Nimitz class cannot launch fully loaded aircraft because of low wing clearance along the edge of the flight deck. Sailors would use motorized carts to move the weapons from storage to the elevators at different levels of the weapons magazines. Keeter, Hunter. "Operating simultaneously over two electromagnetic frequency ranges, the DBR marks the first time this functionality has been achieved using two frequencies coordinated by a single resource manager. Engineers took extra steps to ensure that integrating unforeseen technological advances onto a Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier would be possible. Larrabee, Chuck. As a result of F-35C developmental delays, the US Navy will not field the aircraft until at least 2018—one year after CVN-78 delivery. Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) is the first new design for an aircraft carrier since USS Nimitz (CVN 68). Carriers of the Gerald R. Ford class have:[1], The biggest visible difference from earlier supercarriers is the more aft location of the island (superstructure). These integration activities include testing the F-35C with CVN-78's EMALS and advanced arresting gear system and testing the ship's storage capabilities for the F-35C's lithium-ion batteries (which provide start-up and back-up power), tires, and wheels. It is 1,092 feet long and displacement upward of 100,000 tons. The aircraft carrier USS Gerald R. Ford, seen here in a combination model and live shot photo, is the first in the US Navy's next generation of warships, the Ford class. 4 March 2008. Mission Valley Hotel, San Diego. Raytheon News Release. ITEA-SAN. Even though the system will look the same from the flight deck as its predecessor, it will be more flexible, safe, and reliable, and will require less maintenance and manning. [19][20] Director of Operational Testing Michael Gilmore has criticized the assumptions used in these forecasts as unrealistic and has indicated sortie rates similar to the 120/240 per day of the Nimitz class would be acceptable. Current plans call for advanced weapons elevators to move from storage areas to dedicated weapons-handling areas. By using electromagnetics the energy absorption is controlled by a turbo-electric engine. Raytheon. While the hydraulic system is effective, as demonstrated by more than fifty years of implementation, the AAG system offers a number of improvements. [42][43][44][45][46], Newport News Shipbuilding used a full-scale three-dimensional product model developed in Dassault Systèmes CATIA V5 to design and plan the construction of the Gerald R. Ford class of aircraft carriers. Linear motors are being considered for the advanced weapons elevators. The current system relies on hydraulics to slow and stop a landing aircraft. Here are the overall specifications of the Ford class as found to date on the USS Gerald R. Ford: Displacement: About 100,000 long tons (110,000 short tons) (full load) Length: 1,106 ft (337 m) Beam: 256 ft (78 m) (flight deck) 134 ft (41 m) (waterline) Height: 250 feet (76 m) Draft: 39 ft (12 m) Decks: 25 Installed power: Two A1B nuclear reactors What's in the box: Gerald R. Ford Island 1/700. Switch to cm. [20][21], The current Nimitz-class aircraft carriers in US naval service have been part of United States power projection strategy since Nimitz was commissioned in 1975. [36] The S-band radar was later deleted from the Zumwalt destroyers to save money. The elevators will also be relocated such that they will not impede aircraft operations on the flight deck. [14], The three faces dedicated to the X-band radar handle low-altitude tracking and radar illumination, while the three S-band faces handle target search and tracking regardless of weather. This compact system will treat all combustible solid waste generated on board the ship. [61], As construction of CVN-78 progressed, the shipbuilder discovered first-of-class type design changes, which it will use to update the model before the construction of the remaining vessels of its class. A central controller (the resource manager) resides in the Data Processor (DP). [11] A 2009 report raised the estimate to $14 billion, including $9 billion for construction. "Only half of the electrical power-generation capability on CVN-78 is needed to run currently planned systems, including EMALS. The Navy anticipates additional design changes stemming from remaining advanced arresting gear development and testing. The DBR is cooled via a closed-loop cooling system called the Common Array Cooling System (CACS). Originally, a total of three carriers were authorized for construction, but if the Nimitz-class carriers and Enterprise were to be replaced one-for-one, 11 carriers would be required over the life of the program. The U.S.S. The second carrier, USS John F Kennedy (CVN 79), was christened and launched in December 2019. The DBR gets its power from the Common Array Power System (CAPS), which comprises Power Conversion Units (PCUs) and Power Distribution Units (PDUs). The America-class amphibious assault ships starting with LHA-8 and the planned LX(R) will also have this radar. This makes the trap smoother and reduces shock on airframes. USS Gerald Ford model photo. Major design changes include a larger flight deck, improvements in weapons and material handling, a new propulsion plant design that requires fewer people to operate and maintain, and a new, smaller island that has been pushed aft. Kennedy. For the 1950s Royal Navy vessels, see. [49], Systems that reduce crew workload have allowed the ship's company on Gerald R. Ford-class carriers to total only 2,600 sailors, about 700 fewer than a Nimitz-class carrier. According to the Navy, many of these 19,000 changes were programmed into the construction schedule early on—a result of the government's decision, at contract award, to introduce improvements to the ship's warfare systems during construction, which are heavily dependent on evolving commercial technologies.[49]. Modernizing the U.S. Aircraft Carrier Fleet: Accelerating CVN 21 Production Versus Mid-Life Refueling. "[34] The addition of new technologies, power systems, design layout, and better control systems results in an increased sortie rate of 25% over the Nimitz class and a 25% reduction in manpower required to operate. Weapons Elevator: Elevators use moving electromagnetic fields instead of cabling, which allows elevator shaft to use horizontal doors to close off magazines. Gerald R. Ford Island. Gerald R. Ford class (or Ford class; previously known as CVN-21 class) is a class of aircraft carrier being built to replace USS Enterprise (CVN-65) and eventually the United States Navy's existing Nimitz-class carriers, beginning with the delivery of USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78). Ordnance will be lifted to the centralized rearming location via higher-capacity weapons elevators that use linear motors. Success Rate: First To try. The smaller berthings are quieter and the layout requires less foot traffic through other spaces. The USS Gerald R. Ford, equipped with a modern defense system and carrying more than 75 aircraft, is well prepared for any mission across the globe. [26], The movement of weapons from storage and assembly to the aircraft on the flight deck has also been streamlined and accelerated.

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