sun yat sen biografia

di | 9 Gennaio 2021

Źródło:, Sun Yat Sen Ojciec Republiki Chińskiej Odbudowa polityczna. In Chinatown, San Francisco, there is a 12-foot statue of him on Saint Mary's Square. [2005] (2005). Sun Yat-Sen was a major politician and a Chinese revolutionary who co founded the Kuomintang and served as its first leader. Carol, Steven. There are also two streets named after Sun Yat-sen, located in the cities of Astrakhan and Ufa, Russia. [14][15][16][17][45], Sun Yat-sen spent time living in Japan while in exile. In 1894, Sun wrote an 8,000 character petition to Qing Viceroy Li Hongzhang presenting his ideas for modernizing China. [116] Sun Yat-sen was also the godfather of Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger, American author and poet who wrote under the name Cordwainer Smith. Sun pictured a revolution as similar to the salvation mission of the Christian church. Although Charles Soong had been a personal friend of Sun's, he was enraged when Sun announced his intention to marry Ching-ling because while Sun was a Christian he kept two wives, Lu Muzhen and Kaoru Otsuki; Soong viewed Sun's actions as running directly against their shared religion. [81] The 1912–1913 National assembly election was considered a huge success for the KMT winning 269 of the 596 seats in the lower house and 123 of the 274 senate seats. Sut Yat Sen kembali ke Cina tahun 1883, kemudian pindah ke Hongkong untuk menempuh pendidikan kedokteran hingga lulus tahun 1892. Sun Yat-Sen. Político y líder revolucionario chino nacido en Zhongshan, provincia de Guangdong, el 12 de noviembre de 1866 y muerto en Pekín en marzo de 1925. Crítico do dinástico e do chinês supostamente tradicional, germinou suas idéias revolucionárias dentro e fora da China. Jego zamiarem było spotkanie ze swoim bratem, który mieszkał na tej wyspie przez kilka lat.. Stało się to na krótko przed tym, jak siły zbrojne USA ustanowiły strategiczne bazy na wyspach. Soong Ching-Ling's sister, Soong Mei-ling, later married Chiang Kai-shek. Historical dictionary of modern China (1800–1949). [99], For many years, it was popularly believed that Sun died of liver cancer. Welland, Sasah Su-ling. He also had an older sister, Sun Miaoqian (孫妙茜), and a younger sister, Sun Qiuqi (孫秋綺). Sun Yat-sen kilkakrotnie próbował pełnej rekonstrukcji rządu republikańskiego z niepewnego gabinetu z 1911 r. Jednak do 1920 r. Nie mógł tego osiągnąć. Dr Sut Yat Sangat terkenal karena ia merupakan tokoh … Podkreślił, że jego reformistyczne propozycje docierają do różnych urzędników cesarskich, ale zgodnie z oczekiwaniami nie zwracali na niego uwagi. In fact, he was a unique figure in post-imperial China. [14][15][16][17], At the age of 10, Sun began seeking schooling,[1] and he met childhood friend Lu Haodong. Sun Yat-sen nació el 12 de noviembre de 1866, en un hogar campesino en Choyhung en Kuangtung cerca de la colonia portuguesa de Macao. [117], Sun's first concubine, the Hong Kong-born Chen Cuifen, lived in Taiping, Perak, Malaysia for 17 years. Myers Ramon Hawley. "...At present there are some seven members in the interior belonging to our mission, and two here, one I baptized last Sabbath,a young man who is attending the Government Central School. He focused on China, with its vast potential and weak base of mostly local entrepreneurs. [3] He is even mentioned by name in the preamble to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. In 1882 rondde hij deze opleiding af en keerde het jaar erop terug naar zijn geboortedorp. [112] Sun Yat-sen was an important pioneer of international development, proposing in the 1920s international institutions of the sort that appeared after World War II. Sun's tomb was one of the first stops made by the leaders of both the Kuomintang and the People First Party on their pan-blue visit to mainland China in 2005. [1] They saw many villagers worshipping the Beiji (literally North Pole) Emperor-God in the temple, and were dissatisfied with their ancient healing methods. He later co-founded the Kuomintang.Sun remains revered in both mainland China and Taiwan. Zhongshan Memorial Middle School has also been a name used by many schools. Known as the Father of Modern China, Sun Yat-Sen played a key role in abolishing the Qing Dynasty in China and was the first provisional president of the Republic of China when it was first set up in 1912. [51][52], Sun was in exile not only in Japan but also in Europe, the United States, and Canada. 6, no. After his death, the Kuomintang opted to keep that language in its constitution to honor his memory forever. [40] However, plans were leaked out and more than 70 members, including Lu Haodong, were captured by the Qing government. Não só abrira o caminho para a reconstrução da nova China, mas também preparara as rotas que conduziriam à concretização feliz de seus ideais no futuro. Su padre trabajaba como agricultor, que había sido la ocupación tradicional de su familia durante muchas generaciones. Another older brother, Sun Deyou (孫德祐), died at the age of 6. 26 April 2011. He proposed: Sun Yat-sen was born to Sun Dacheng (孫達成) and his wife, Lady Yang (楊氏) on 12 November 1866. : globalization, national self-determination, and terrorism.Rowman & Littlefield publishing. Merz 1925 z Peking ), in dr Volksrepublik China am bekanntiste as Sun Zhongshan ( 孫中山, Sūn Zhōngshān, W.-G. Sun Chung-shan ), in dr Republik China uf Taiwan Landesvater Herr Sun Zhongshan ( 國父 孫中山先生, Guófù Sūn Zhōngshān xiānshēng, W. [62] One of Sun's major legacies was the creation of his political philosophy of the Three Principles of the People. [73] The leaders launched a major drive for donations across the Malay Peninsula. Rozpoczął studia w tej dziedzinie, którą był pasjonatem: medycyny. A personality cult in the Republic of China was centered on Sun and his successor, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. [137], In November 2004, the ROC Ministry of Education proposed that Sun Yat-sen was not the father of Taiwan. [1] By age 13 in 1878, after receiving a few years of local schooling, Sun went to live with his elder brother, Sun Mei (孫眉) in Honolulu. She then voiced her displeasure in 2002 in a private letter to Jiang about the distortion of history. Sage publishing. Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925) was born in China and was a Chinese political leader. On 26 January 1925, Sun underwent an exploratory laparotomy at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) to investigate a long-term illness. Ethnicity, Identity, and Minority Status in China's Modern Transformation", "Students from China study Sun Yat-sen on Maui", "Chinese government officials attend Sun Mei statue unveiling on Maui", "Chinatown park, statue honor Sun Yat-sen", "Sun Yat-sen: Certification of Live Birth in Hawaii", Department of Justice. Sun Yat-sen was born on November 12, 1866, into a peasant household in Choyhung in Kwangtung near the Portuguese colony of Macao. In George Town, Penang, Malaysia, the Penang Philomatic Union had its premises at 120 Armenian Street in 1910, during the time when Sun spent more than four months in Penang, convened the historic "Penang Conference" to launch the fundraising campaign for the Huanghuagang Uprising and founded the Kwong Wah Yit Poh; this house, which has been preserved as the Sun Yat-sen Museum (formerly called the Sun Yat Sen Penang Base), was visited by President designate Hu Jintao in 2002. [61], In 1904, Sun Yat-sen came about with the goal "to expel the Tatar barbarians (i.e. [36][37][38] He traveled to Tianjin to personally present the petition to Li but was not granted an audience. Sun Yat-sen recibió sus primeras enseñanzas de la China tradicional. Growing with Hong Kong: the University and its graduates: the first 90 years. [105] He also left a short political will (總理遺囑) penned by Wang Jingwei, which had a widespread influence in the subsequent development of the Republic of China and Taiwan.[106]. With an initial membership of over 400, the library has about 180 members today. In 1915 Sun wrote to the Second International, a socialist-based organization in Paris, asking it to send a team of specialists to help China set up the world's first socialist republic. [129] During October and November every year the entire collection is shown. [140] At a Sun Yat-sen statue in Kaohsiung, a 70-year-old ROC retired soldier committed suicide as a way to protest the ministry proposal on the anniversary of Sun's birthday 12 November. Daar verdiepte hij zich in de westerse wetenschap, met name het christendom en de westerse filosofie. [133] In Space: Above and Beyond, one of the starships of the China Navy is named the Sun Yat-sen.[134], In 2010, a theatrical play Yellow Flower on Slopes (斜路黃花) was created and performed. [53] He was released after 12 days through the efforts of James Cantlie, The Globe, The Times, and the Foreign Office; leaving Sun a hero in Britain. Er lernte an der … On the mainland, Sun is seen as a Chinese nationalist, proto-socialist, first president of a Republican China and is highly regarded as the Forerunner of the Revolution (革命先行者). Następnie był świadkiem gwałtownych reakcji niektórych chłopów. Ha sido considerado como el verdadero fundador de la República de China. University of Illinois Press. [139][140], Chinese physician, politician and revolutionary, "Sun Wen" redirects here. [70][71] In 1907 there were a total of four uprisings that failed including Huanggang uprising, Huizhou seven women lake uprising and Qinzhou uprising. Su padre trabajaba como agricultor, que había sido la ocupación tradicional de su familia durante muchas generaciones. [35] The group was spreading the idea of overthrowing the Qing. After this event, 10 October became known as the commemoration of Double Ten Day.[76]. [2005] (2005). [citation needed]. Ta miejscowość znajduje się na południe od prowincji Guangdong. [109] Quotes from the Quran and Hadith were used among Hui Muslims to justify Chiang Kai-shek's rule over China.[110]. Die Sun-Yat-sen-Universität (chinesisch 中山大學 / 中山大学, Pinyin Zhōngshān Dàxué) ist eine Universität in der chinesischen Provinz Guangdong.Sie wurde im Jahr 1924 von Sun Yat-sen, dem chinesischen Revolutionsführer und ersten Präsidenten der Republik China, gegründet.Die Universität gilt als die beste in Südchina und eine der zehn besten in der Volksrepublik China. W 1879 roku, w wieku 13 lat, został wysłany do Honolulu na Hawajach. Lake, Marilyn. Lin, Xiaoqing Diana. His conversion to Christianity was related to his revolutionary ideals and push for advancement. Uzyskana i nawiązana współpraca z komunistami. 385–400. He is also portrayed during his struggle to overthrow the Qing dynasty in Once Upon a Time in China II. By pure chance, in May 2016, an American pathologist named Rolf F. Barth was visiting the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou when he noticed a faded copy of the original autopsy report on display. [124] Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden is located in Vancouver, the largest classical Chinese gardens outside of Asia. Opuścił to stanowisko, próbując utrzymać związek między prowincjami i po prostu uniknąć ewentualnej wojny domowej. Biografi Dr. Sun Yat Sen. Ia lahir 12 November 1866 di Guang dong Cina, anak seorang petani miskin yang merantau ke Honolulu Hawai Amerika Serikat mengikuti kakak lelakinya untuk menempuh pendidikan. The United Chinese Library, founded on 8 August 1910, was one such reading club, first set up at leased property on the second floor of the Wan He Salt Traders in North Boat Quay. [2008] (2008). He mobilized the old Tongmenghui at the core with the merger of a number of new small parties to form a new political party called the Kuomintang (Chinese nationalist party, commonly abbreviated as "KMT") on 25 August 1912 at Huguang Guild Hall Beijing. A fictionalized assassination attempt on his life was featured in Bodyguards and Assassins. Sun Yat-Sen (Revolucionário e político chinês) 12-11-1866, Xiangshan, Guangdong 12-3-1925, Pequim Sun Yat-Sen, filho de camponeses cristãos e médico de profissão, tornou-se líder da oposição republicana após a derrota contra o Japão em 1894-1895 e a conseqüente agonia do império chinês. There is also a blue plaque commemorating Sun at The Kennels, Cottered, Hertfordshire, the country home of the Cantlies where Sun came to recuperate after his rescue from the legation in 1896.

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