william shakespeare story in english

di | 9 Gennaio 2021

[44][47], Greene's attack is the earliest surviving mention of Shakespeare's work in the theatre. He increasingly tuned his metaphors and images to the needs of the drama itself. William Shakespeare – He is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist he is often called Vinlan national poet and nicknamed the Bard of Avon he was born in 23rd April 1564 in stratford-upon-avon Warwickshire England his father’s name was John William Shakespeare and mother’s name was Mary Arden his father was a successful local … [h] He did make a point, however, of leaving her "my second best bed", a bequest that has led to much speculation. The listener is challenged to complete the sense. He wrote 39 plays and two long poems in his lifetime. Who was Shakespeare? The title page of the 1594 edition of Titus Andronicus reveals that the play had been acted by three different troupes. [123] A Midsummer Night's Dream is a witty mixture of romance, fairy magic, and comic lowlife scenes. The next day, two of Hathaway's neighbours posted bonds guaranteeing that no lawful claims impeded the marriage. See. The stories are often exciting, very funny (in the comedies), or very sad (in the tragedies) and make people want to know what happens to his characters. [76] Shakespeare continued to visit London during the years 1611–1614. He is often quoted in modern writing. [238][j], During the Romantic era, Shakespeare was praised by the poet and literary philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and the critic August Wilhelm Schlegel translated his plays in the spirit of German Romanticism. [80] After 1610, Shakespeare wrote fewer plays, and none are attributed to him after 1613. [96][97][98] Some scholars see the bequest as an insult to Anne, whereas others believe that the second-best bed would have been the matrimonial bed and therefore rich in significance. From the 18th century, the desire for authentic Shakespeare portraits fuelled claims that various surviving pictures depicted Shakespeare. [253][254] In 1896, Frederick S. Boas coined the term "problem plays" to describe four plays: All's Well That Ends Well, Measure for Measure, Troilus and Cressida, and Hamlet. Inscribed in Latin on his funerary monument: Church of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Oxfordian theory of Shakespeare authorship, "How Shakespeare was turned into a German", "Unser Shakespeare: Germans' mad obsession with the Bard", "Simon Callow: What the Dickens? He lived in Stratford-upon-Avon, in Warwickshire, England. Among those who championed him were the writers Voltaire, Goethe, Stendhal, and Victor Hugo. A BRIEF LIFE OF SHAKESPEARE. [175], Alfred Pollard termed some of the pre-1623 versions as "bad quartos" because of their adapted, paraphrased or garbled texts, which may in places have been reconstructed from memory. He is also the most famous playwright in the world, with his plays being translated in over 50 languages and performed across the globe for audiences of all ages. Shakespeare's works include 38 plays, 2 narrative poems, 154 sonnets, and a variety of other poems. [274][275], Few details of Shakespeare's sexuality are known. [217] The psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud drew on Shakespearean psychology, in particular, that of Hamlet, for his theories of human nature. It is not known whether this was written by Shakespeare himself or by the publisher, Thomas Thorpe, whose initials appear at the foot of the dedication page; nor is it known who Mr. W.H. Burbage played the leading role in the first performances of many of Shakespeare's plays, including Richard III, Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear. [228][229] In 1598, the cleric and author Francis Meres singled him out from a group of English playwrights as "the most excellent" in both comedy and tragedy. [26], At the age of 18, Shakespeare married 26-year-old Anne Hathaway. [172] Many of the plays had already appeared in quarto versions—flimsy books made from sheets of paper folded twice to make four leaves. [39][40] Little evidence substantiates such stories other than hearsay collected after his death, and Shakeshafte was a common name in the Lancashire area.[41][42]. [27] The ceremony may have been arranged in some haste since the Worcester chancellor allowed the marriage banns to be read once instead of the usual three times,[28][29] and six months after the marriage Anne gave birth to a daughter, Susanna, baptised 26 May 1583. [221] Expressions such as "with bated breath" (Merchant of Venice) and "a foregone conclusion" (Othello) have found their way into everyday English speech. A series of scholarly editions of his work, notably those of Samuel Johnson in 1765 and Edmond Malone in 1790, added to his growing reputation. was a great English and also world playwright. The play ends with the suicide of Othelloand raises the feeling of pity among the readers and those who watch the play. His bright wit is cut out “into little stars.” His solid masses of knowledge are meted out in morsels and [159] When the company found themselves in dispute with their landlord, they pulled The Theatre down and used the timbers to construct the Globe Theatre, the first playhouse built by actors for actors, on the south bank of the Thames at Southwark. Shakespeare’s poems consider themes of love, beauty, death, decay and the inevitable passing of time. Shakespeare's standard poetic form was blank verse, composed in iambic pentameter. William Shakespeare. Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well ... After Hamlet, Shakespeare varied his poetic style further, particularly in the more emotional passages of the late tragedies. In 1599, two early drafts of sonnets 138 and 144 appeared in The Passionate Pilgrim, published under Shakespeare's name but without his permission. According to the critic Frank Kermode, "the play...offers neither its good characters nor its audience any relief from its cruelty". [35][36] Another 18th-century story has Shakespeare starting his theatrical career minding the horses of theatre patrons in London. His plays are of different kinds, or genres. [68][69], Rowe was the first biographer to record the tradition, repeated by Johnson, that Shakespeare retired to Stratford "some years before his death". ISBN 978-0-7493-8655-9. Others read the same passages as the expression of intense friendship rather than romantic love. • Ackroyd, Peter (2006). [245] Eliot, along with G. Wilson Knight and the school of New Criticism, led a movement towards a closer reading of Shakespeare's imagery. In Shakespeare's late romances, he deliberately returned to a more artificial style, which emphasised the illusion of theatre. Its plaque compares him to Nestor, Socrates, and Virgil. [244], The modernist revolution in the arts during the early 20th century, far from discarding Shakespeare, eagerly enlisted his work in the service of the avant-garde. The titular hero of one of Shakespeare's greatest tragedies, Hamlet, has probably been discussed more than any other Shakespearean character, especially for his famous soliloquy which begins "To be or not to be; that is the question". He wrote 38 plays and 154 sonnets. For other persons of the same name, see, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England, "He was not of an age, but for all time. He preserved aspects of his earlier style in the later plays, however. 2nd ed, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Church of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, "Shakespeare's Coined Words Now Common Currency", "BBC News | ARTS | Painting sparks bard sexuality debate", "Who wrote Shakespeare's plays? [64], Throughout his career, Shakespeare divided his time between London and Stratford. Scholars are not certain when each of the 154 sonnets was composed, but evidence suggests that Shakespeare wrote sonnets throughout his career for a private readership. [122], Shakespeare's early classical and Italianate comedies, containing tight double plots and precise comic sequences, give way in the mid-1590s to the romantic atmosphere of his most acclaimed comedies. This course will look at the life and works of William Shakespeare and take you from his birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon to the Globe Theatre in London, from where he secured his central place in English literature. - 1616.) At age 49 (around 1613), he appears to have retired to Stratford, where he died three years later. (A tragicomedy is a play that mixes comedy and tragedy, with a happy ending.). It contained 36 texts, including 18 printed for the first time. they have their exits and their entrances; [6], From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. [182] Both proved popular and were often reprinted during Shakespeare's lifetime. After his death, even his rival Ben Jonson said,[4]. And pointless death because of families excessive feud. In the 1950s, a wave of new critical approaches replaced modernism and paved the way for "post-modern" studies of Shakespeare. William Shakespeare. At the same time, Richard's vivid self-awareness looks forward to the soliloquies of Shakespeare's mature plays. The Swiss Romantic artist Henry Fuseli, a friend of William Blake, even translated Macbeth into German. Biographers suggest that his career may have begun any time from the mid-1580s to just before Greene's remarks. [103][i], (Modern spelling: Good friend, for Jesus' sake forbear, / To dig the dust enclosed here. Some people, such as Peter Holland of the Shakespeare Institute at Birmingham University, have argued that Shakespeare was possibly bisexual because of some of the sonnets he wrote that were directed towards young men. [44], Scholars differ on the exact meaning of Greene's words,[44][45] but most agree that Greene was accusing Shakespeare of reaching above his rank in trying to match such university-educated writers as Christopher Marlowe, Thomas Nashe, and Greene himself (the so-called "University Wits"). No original manuscripts of Shakespeare's plays are known to exist today. It is often beautiful, but its sentences tend to start, pause, and finish at the end of lines, with the risk of monotony. "Romeo, Romeo, Wherefore art thou Romeo!" Critic George Steiner described all English verse dramas from Coleridge to Tennyson as "feeble variations on Shakespearean themes. He encloses us because we see with his fundamental perceptions."[249]. [216] Shakespeare has also inspired many painters, including the Romantics and the Pre-Raphaelites. [191], The 1609 edition was dedicated to a "Mr. As a result, critics of the time mostly rated Shakespeare below John Fletcher and Ben Jonson. Shakespeare instructed by delighting. [257][258][259], Around 230 years after Shakespeare's death, doubts began to be expressed about the authorship of the works attributed to him. [140] The plots of Shakespeare's tragedies often hinge on such fatal errors or flaws, which overturn order and destroy the hero and those he loves. [190] He seems to have planned two contrasting series: one about uncontrollable lust for a married woman of dark complexion (the "dark lady"), and one about conflicted love for a fair young man (the "fair youth"). He was born in the village of Stratford-upon-Avon in April 1564 and died there in April 1616. Grammar schools varied in quality during the Elizabethan era, but grammar school curricula were largely similar: the basic Latin text was standardised by royal decree,[24][25] and the school would have provided an intensive education in grammar based upon Latin classical authors. … [157] After the plagues of 1592–93, Shakespeare's plays were performed by his own company at The Theatre and the Curtain in Shoreditch, north of the Thames. There is proof that people in Shakespeare's time thought highly of him. 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